CONTENTS:- 1. Introduction to caste. 2. Caste system in India. 3. History of Indian caste system. 4. Adivasi and tribal system. 5. Meena community. 6. Scheduled castes and scheduled tribes. 7. Other backward class. 8. Indian anti-reservation protests. 9. Social class. 10. Class structure in various societies. 11. Class consciousness and hegemony. 12. Types of classes in society. 13. Class conflict and elite theory. 14. Race and inequality in society. 15. Evolutionary theories and origins of racism. 16. Economic inequality.
In sociology and political philosophy, the most basic class distinction is between the powerful and the powerless. In Marxist theory and historical materialism, social class is caused by the fundamental economic structure of work and property. Various social and political theories propose that social classes with greater power attempt to cement their own ranking above the lower social classes in the social hierarchy to the detriment of the society overall. By contrast, conservatives and structural functionalists have presented class difference as intrinsic to the structure of any society and to that extent ineradicable. Social classes with a great deal of power are usually viewed as "the elites" within their own societies.