Journalism is the craft of conveying news, descriptive material and opinion via a widening spectrum of media. These include newspapers, magazines, radio and television, the internet and even, more recently, the mobile phone. Journalists be they writers, editors or photographers; broadcast presenters or producers – serve as the chief purveyors of information and opinion in contemporary mass society. According to the BBC journalist, Andrew Marr, “News is what the consensus of journalists determines it to be.”
From informal beginnings in the Europe of the 18th century, stimulated by the arrival of mechanized printing – in due course by mass production and in the 20th century by electronic communications technology today’s engines of journalistic enterprise include large corporations with global reach.