CONTENTS:- Preface 1. Pre-Islamic Indian Thought 2. Pre-Islamic Chinese Thought 3. Pre Islamic Arabian Thought 4. Ethical Teachings of the Quran 5. Economic and Political Teachings of the Quran 6. Tahawism 7. Zahirism 8. Ikhwan al-Safa 9. Al-ghazali: Metaphysics a Introduction 10. Attack on the Philosophers 11. Mysticism in Islamic Philosophy 12. Influence of Muslim Thought on the East
Although Islamic philosophy represents one of the most important philosophical traditions in the world, it has only recently begun to receive the attention it deserves in the non-Islamic world. This important text provides a concise and accessible introduction to the major movements, thinkers and concepts within that tradition, from the foundation of Islam to the present day. Ever since the growth of Islam as a religious and political movement, Muslim thinkers have sought to understand the theoretical aspects of their faith by using philosophical concepts. Lea man outlines this history and demonstrates that, although the development of Islamic philosophy is closely linked with Islam itself, its form is not essentially connected to religion, and its leading ideas and arguments are of general philosophical significance. The author illustrates the importance of Islamic thought within philosophy through the use of many modern examples. He describes and contrasts the three main movements in Islamic philosophy Peripatetic, Sufi and Illuminationist-and examines the Persian as well as the Arabic philosophical traditions.