PART I, VOLUME I:
The Siddha Pharmacopoeia of India, Part-I, Vol. I is a legal document of standards for the quality of Siddha drugs and substances included therein (Under the Drugs and Cosmetic Act, 1940). The first volume contains 73 monographs dealing with Pharmacognostical Chemical and Siddha standards of the plant drugs used in Siddha.
Each monograph describes macroscopic, microscopic characters along with the permissible limit of foreign matter. Chemical standards of identity, purity, and strength have been developed based on parameters like total ash, Acid insoluble ash, Alcohol soluble extractives, water soluble extractives, etc. with the references of important constituents present in it. Cuvai, Gunam, Virium. Pirivu and Ceikai based on description of classical Siddha texts along with important formulations as referred in Siddha formulary of India with its therapeutics uses and dose. The work on various monographs on all parameters has been carried out at Pharmacopoeial Laboratory for Indian Medicine (PLIM), Ghaziabad (which is a subordinate laboratory of Dept. of ISM&H, Ministry of health and Family Welfare, Govt. of India) and approved by Siddha Pharmacopoeia committee after careful deliberations by its eminent scientist members.
Contents of the volume consists legal notice, general notice, preface, introduction and detailed description of monographs in alphabetical order for seventy three medicinal plants of prime importance used in Siddha.
The details of apparatus required for tests and assays are given in Appendix 1 and testing method, determination of quantitative data of vegetables, limit test are mentioned in Appendix 2. Physical test and determination, reagents and solutions are covered in Appendix 3 &4, respectively. General information, weight and measures, approximate equivalents of doses in Indian and metric system are mentioned in Appendix 5 and 6 which is followed by classical references in original under Appendix 7. Approximate English equivalents of Siddha clinical conditions and diseases and English equivalents of Ceikai (Therapeutic actions) are mentioned in Appendix 8 and 9 respectively, properties and Actions are covered in Appendix 10.
This book is user-friendly for scientists involved in quality testing of drugs, Siddha teachers of Gunapadam, Research scholars, Physicians, Students of Siddha and many others who have interest in quality of Siddha medicines.
PART I, VOLUME II:
The Siddha Pharmacopoeia is a series of volumes that aim to lay down scientific/pharmacopoeial standards for the identity, purity and strength of traditional Indian medicines: Ayurveda, Siddha, and Unani. Like Ayurveda, Siddha today is not just confined to the southern regions of India, but gaining increasing popularity all across the subcontinent and beyond.
As a part of the ongoing project, this Part I, Volume II of the Siddha Pharmacopoeia presents 66 monographs on single drugs of plant origin – its preceding volume, namely Part I, Volume I, comprised 73 monographs. In compiling the monographs, the title of each drug has been given in Tamil (as mentioned in the Siddha Formulary of India), followed by the definition of the drug giving its identity in scientific binomial nomenclature, with authority and brief notes about its source, occurrence, distribution, and precautions in collection, if any. List of synonyms of drugs has been provided in Tamil and also in other Indian languages.
The monographs record the detailed macroscopic and microscopic description of the drug, with individual features, each having a pharmacognostic value in highlighting diagnostic features for identification, even if the drug is in powdered form. Under "Identity, Purity and Strength", each monograph shows certain physicochemical parameters, like limits for Foreign Matter, Moisture Content, Total Ash, Acid Insoluble Ash, Alcohol Soluble Extractive, Water Soluble Extractive, Volatile Oil content, and Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC). The names of important chemical constituents, which have been mentioned in the monographs, have an informative value, based on the published research work in phytochemistry.
Published by the Department of Ayurveda, Yoga, Unani, Siddha, and Homoeopathy (AYUSH), Ministry of Health, Government of India, the Siddha Pharmacopoeia of India-series will be very useful to botanists, medical professionals, and specially the medical researchers looking for alternative medicine.