The Gujaratis have a long historical and cultural tradition dating back to the days of the Harappan civilization established by relics found at Lothal. Situated on the western part of the Indian sub-continent, Gujarat derives its name ‘Gujaratta’ meaning the land of Gurjars. The Gurjars passed through the Punjab and settled in some parts of Western India, which came to be known as Gujarat.
According to the Hindu epics, Lord Krishna and his elder brother Balarama, evacuated Mathura and established themselves at Kushasthali, now known as Dwarka and started what is known as the Yadava dynasty. Dwarka subsequently became one of the four seats (mathas) set up by Adi Shankaracharya.
Gujarat was a part of the erstwhile Mumbai state during the British Rule. But in 1960, the ‘Gujarati’ population decided to secede from that union, which resulted in the formation of two new states, namely Gujarat and Maharashtra. The new State of Gujarat came into existence on May 01, 1960 because of this bifurcation.
This reference work is an extended introduction to this vibrant and vivacious community. Arranged thematically, it provides a glimpse into the history, culture, traditions, politics, and literature of the Gujaratis.