Both militant terrorism and state terrorism are phenomenally increasing in the northeastern region of India. The versions and standpoints on violation of human rights are highly polarized. The two parties (the terrorists and the state) blame each other for such violation. The overall terrorist scenario let loose both by the militants and by the army, has stalled the civic life of millions of people in this region. The casualties happen with the civilians, militants as well as with the army personnel. Terrorism let loose by the terrorists and the arm forces has also exposed serious democratic democratic deficit leading to denial of human rights in this region. The role of the civic initiatives and activists for restoration of human rights in this region is of special significance. The selected articles presented in a national seminar on the above theme organized by North-East Indian Council for Social Science Research, Shillong are being published in this book. The contributors dealt with conceptual issues and presented narratives of human rights violation caused both by the state and by the arm forces. This book also provides useful insights to the problems and is extremely useful to the enforcement agencies, diplomats, activists and human rights practitioners.