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A Text Book of Rogavijnan and Vikritivijnan, 2 Volumes (According to the Syllabus of CCIM, Delhi) / Jain, Rekha N. & Jain, Nandkumar Y.
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A Text Book of Rogavijnan and Vikritivijnan, 2 Volumes (According to the Syllabus of CCIM, Delhi)
Jain, Rekha N. & Jain, Nandkumar Y.
 
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  Book ID : 32695
 
 
  Place of Publication : Delhi
  Year of Publication : 2007 - 2008
  Edition : (First Edition)
  Language : Sanskrit & English
  202+396p., 24 Col. Plts., Bib., Index, 23 cm. (The Chaukhamba Ayurvijnan Studies No. 84)
   
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 CONTENTS
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CONTENTS:-

Volume 1 :

1. Introduction:
What is Dosha?
What is Dhatu?
What is Mala?
What is Health?
Importance of Vikritivijnan?

2. Patho-Physiology of Dosha Dhatu Mala:
Dosha The Endogenous factors
(1) Vata Dosha
The Properties of Physiological Vata
The site or location of Vata
Functions of Vata
Types of Vata & Their functions
Causes of Increase & provocation of Vata
Manifestations of Increased Vata
Manifestations of Provocated Vata
Manifestations of Decreased Vata
(2) Pitta Dosha
The Properties of Physiological Pitta
The site or location of Pitta
Functions of Pitta
Types of Pitta & Their functions
Causes of Increase & provocation of Pitta
Manifestations of Increased Pitta
Manifestations of Provocated Pitta
Manifestations of Decreased Pitta
(3) Kapha Dosha
The Properties of Physiological Kapha
The site or location of Kapha
Functions of Kapha
Types of Kapha & Their functions
Causes of Increase & provocation of Kapha
Manifestations of Increased Kapha
Manifestations of Provocated Kapha
Manifestations of Decreased Kapha
Dhatu The Body elements (Tissues)
Seven body Elements
The Production of body Elements
Theories of production & Nourishment
of body elements
- Ksheera-dadhi Nyaya
- Kedari-kulya Nyaya
- Khale-Kapota Nyaya
1. Rasa dhatu (Body nourishing fluid)
2. Rakta dhatu (blood)
3. Mamsa dhatu (Muscle Tissue)
4. Medo dhatu (fatty Tissue)
5. Asthi dhatu (Bone Tissue)
6. Majja dhatu (Bone Marrow)
7. Shukra dhatu (Semen)
Mala: Excretary Products
1. Purisha mala (faeces)
2. Mutra mala (urine)
3. Sveda mala (Sweat)
Definition of Health
What is body nourishing fluid?

3. Movement of Doshas:
Meaning of Srotas Koshtha & Shakha
Movement of Doshas in the body
The Causes of disturbances in Normal
movement of Doshas
Relation of cavity & branch
Types of Movements of Doshas
Routes or site of Desease
The Importance of Route of a Disease

4. Disease Contributory Factors:
Five Contributory Factors of disease
Factor: 1
The Doshas – Vata, Pitta, Kapha
The Innate Qualities of Doshas
Different ways of Vitiation of Doshas
- Natural & Unnatural Vitiation
- Dependent & Independent Vitiation
- Vitiation Similar or Dissimilar to body constitution
- Vitiation according to movements of Doshas
- Vitiation of two or three Doshas at a time
The Causative factors of vitiation or provocation
Factor: 2
The Systems & Body elements (Dushya)
What is Strotas?
Role of Srotas in Pathogenesis
-Morphology of a system
- The Root site of system
- The number of system
Metabolism in a system
Factor: 3
The Defective Site in the body
Etiology of defective Site
Causes of Vitiation of a system
Defect in system & Vitiation of system
General Manifestation of Vitiated system
- Excessive production
- obstruction
- Reduced Lumen
- Diverted Movements
Factor: 4
The Undigested Harmful toxic waste product
What is Ama?
Causes of production of Ama
- Reduced digestive power
- The state of Doshas
- Normalcy of Organ of digestive power
- Excess accumulation of Metabolites
Manifestations of Ama
Factors Responsible for Manifestations of Ama
Manifestation of Disease when undigested
waste product is present (sama Vyadhi)
Factor: 5
The Digestive power (Agni)
The Types of Digestive Power

5. The Disease:
The Synonyms of Disease
Definition of a Disease
Relation between Dosha & Disease
Cause & Creation Relationship
Disease Related to self
The Classification of Disease
Disease Caused by External Agents
Disease Due to Divine Causes
80 Diseases of Vata
40 Diseases of Pitta
20 Diseases of Kapha
Commingling of disease & Cause
Commingling of Disease & Manifestation
Quality Differentiation of Pathogenesis
Seriousness of Disease
Classification of Disease (W.H.O)

6. Stages of Disease:
Etiology of Change in stages
Different Stages of Disease
- According to stages of Doshas
- According to stages of Body Elements
- According to stages of Obstruction in a system
- According to stages of Undigested Product
- According to Nature of Disease
Important of Stages of Disease
Advancement of Disease into Body Elements
Disease due to Vitiation of body Elements/System
Disease due to Vitiation of Organs
Disease due to Vitiation of Sub-Elements
Disease due to Vitiation of Excretory Products

7. The Systemic Pathology:
Respiratory System
Digestive System
Water or body Fluid System
Body Nourishing Fluid/Lymphatic System
Circulatory & Heamopoetic System
Muscular System
Fatty Tissue System
Skeletal or Bone tissue System
Bone marrow or Nervous System
Reproductive System
Menstruation System
Urinary System
Defecation System
Perspiration System

8. The Vital Essence:
The Entry of Vital essence into Human Body
Location & Nature of vital Essence
Subdivision of Vital Essence
Abnormalities of Viral Essence
Importance of Vital essence

9. The Five Diagnostic Criteria:
Etiological Factors (Nidan)
Types of Etiological Factors
(1) – Sannikrishta hutu
– Viprakrishta hetu
– Vyabhichari hetu
– Pradhanika hetu
(2) – Asatmya Indriyartha Samyoga
– Prajnaparadha
– Parinama
(3) – Vitiating Causes
– Cause of Disease
– Both Etiological factors
(4) – Developing Causes
– Motivating Causes
(5)– External Causes
– Internal Causes
Importance of Etiological factors
Prodromal Symptoms (Purvarupa)
Definition of Prodromal Symptoms
Classification of Prodromal Symptoms
Importance of Prodromal Symptoms
Types of Prodromal Symptoms
Clinical Manifestation (Rupa)
Signs & Symptoms
- Specific Diagnostic symptoms
- Dosha- wise symptoms
- Stage wise symptoms
- Symptoms Felt by the Patient
- Sings observed by the physician
Disease symptoms
Importance of symptoms
Relieving & Aggravating Factors (Upashya-Anupashaya)
Types of Relieving & aggravating Factors
Difference between Relieving factors & Treatment
Importance of Relieving factors
Pathogenesis (samprapti)
Role of Etiology in Pathogenesis
Role of Body Elements in Pathogenesis
The Symptoms According to the defective site
Role of Organs or sites in Pathogenesis
Pathogenesis & Six stages in action
Manifestation (Vyakti)
Differentiation (bheda)
Types of Pathogenesis
Importance of knowledge about pathogenesis

10. Compications:
Definition of Complications
Types of Complications
Disease with Complications & Two Disease at a time
Complications & After effect
Complications & stage of Disease

11. Death Indicating Symptoms:
Types of Death indicating Symptoms
- Symptoms due to disorders of sense organs
- Symptoms of physical disorders
- Mental Symptoms
- Abnormal Prodromal Symptoms
- Common Death indicating Symptoms

12. Prognosis & Four Essentials of Good Prognosis
Prognosis of a Disease
Classifications of Prognosis
Easily Curable (Sukha-sadhya)
Difficult to cure (kashtra-sadhya)
Under control by treatment (Yapya)
Uncurable by any treatment (asadhya)
The four Basic essentials of Prognosis
- Physician
- Medicine
- Nurse
- Patient

13. Epidemics:
Etiology of epidemics
Nitya Atankapraya Hetu
Aniyata Atankapraya Hetu
Symptoms of epidemics
Treatment of Epidemics
Management of Epidemics

14. Hereditary Diseases:
Maternal Organs in Faetus
Paternal Organs in Faetus
Causes Responsible for Hereditary Disease

15. The Body Resistance:
Responsible Factors of body Resistance
- Power of mind
- Vital Essence
- Digestive Power
- Physical Strength
Type of Strength
Factors affecting the strength
Modern Concepts of Immuno Physiology & Immuno Pathology

16. Examination of patient & Disease:
Two Methods of Examination
Three Methods of Examination
- History of the patient
- Direct physical examination
- Inference
Four Methods of Examination
Five Methods of Examination
Six Methods of Examination
Eight Methods of Examination
- Examination of pulse
- Examination of Tongue
- Examination of Urine
- Examination of Stool
- Examination of Sound
- Examination by touch or Palpation
- Examination of Eye
- Examination of Physical stature of constitution

17. Ten Methods of Examination:
Cardinal Factors of the Examination
(1) Examination of body constitution
- Characters of Kapha constitution
- Characters of Pitta constitution
- Character of Vata constitution
(2) Pathological investigations
(3) Examination of quality of body elements
(4) Examination of Tone of the muscles
(5) Proportions of body parts
(6) Acceptability of the body
(7) Examination of Mental courage
(8) Examination of Digestive capacity
(9) Examination of capacity of exercise
(10) Examination of Age factor
The importance of Ten Methods of Examination

18. Record of patients Examination:
Collection of patients information
Chief complaints
Present History
Past history of Disease & treatment
Family history
General Examination
Patient's Examination
Systemic Examination
Laboratory Examination
Examination according to six stages of disease
The doshas involved
The Body elements affected
The Excreta affected
Nidan Panchak
Pathogenesis described of compendium
Relieving. Aggravating factors
Diagnosis

Volume 2 :

1. Pran Vaha Stotas:
1. Pratishyaya
2. Kasa
3. Shwas
4. Hikka
5. Hridroga
6. Hridayabhighat
7. Parshwashula
8. Rahayakshama
9. Shosha

2. Anna Vaha Srotas:
1. Agnimandya
2. Ajeema
3. Alasaka
4. Vilambika
5. Arochaka
6. Aadhman
7. Amlapitta
8. Shula
9. Grahani
10. Krimi
11. Chhardi

3. Uddak Vaha Srotas:
1. Trishna
2. Arisar
3. Pravahika
4. Visuchika
5. Udar
6. Shotha

4. Rassa Vaha Srotas:
1. Jwar
2. Pandu roga
3. Aama vata
4. Dhamni pratichaya
5. Urusthamba

5. Rakta Vaha Srotas:
1. Kamla
2. Rakta Pitta
3. Daha
4. Pada Daha
5. Pleeha roga
6. Raktah Krimi
7. Shleepada
8. Phiranga
9. Upadansha
10. Kushtha
11. Kilas Kushtha
12. Visarpa
13. Sheetapitta Udarda Kotha
14. Masurika
15. Sheetala
16. Romantika
17. Tila Kalak
18. Nyachha
19. Vyanga (Nilika)
20. Arunshika
21. Darunak
22. Indralupta
23. Yuvan Pidaka

6. Mamsa Vaha Srotas:
1. Mamsagata vata
2. Snayugata Vata
3. Karshya

7. Medo Vaha Srotas:
1. Prameha
2. Medo Roga

8. Asthi Vaha Srotas:
1. Asthigata Vata
2. Asthyavrita Vata
3. Sandhigata Vata
4. Vata Kantak
5. Kroshthuk shrisha
6. Vata Rakta

9. Majja Vaha Srotas:
1. Shirobhighata
2. Bhrama
3. Unmada
4. Apasmar
5. Mada
6. Moorccha
7. Samnyas
8. Madatyay/Panatyaya
9. Paramada
10. Atatwabhinivesha

10. Shrukra Vaha Srotas:
1. Klaibya
2. Shuka Dosha
3. Shukragata vata

11. Mootra Vaha Srotas:
1. Mootra Kriccha
2. Mootraghata
3. Tooni Pratitooni
4. Mootrashmari

12. Swed Vaha Srotas:
1. Bahya Krimi

13. Purish Vaha Srotas:
1. Malavasthambha
2. Udavarta
3. Vatashtila
4. Pakwashyayagat Vata

14. Vata vyadhi:
Definition
Etiology of Vata Vyadhi
Pathogenesis
Prodomal Symptoms
Symptoms
1. Paksha vadha
2. Sarvanga Vata
3. Ardita
4. Gridhrasi
5. Vishwachi
6. Khalli
7. Djamistambha
8. Akshepaka
9. Apatamtraka
10. Apatanaka
11. Dandapatanaka
12. Hanustambha
13. Jihva Stambha
14. Mook Minmin gadgada
15. Manyastambha
16. Khanja
17. Pangu
18. Ansa shosha
19. Avabahuk
20. Vepathu kampa
21. Pada Harsha
22. Kubja
23. Kalaya Khanja
24. Urustambha
25. Aavrita vata
26. Dhatugata vata

Vyavaccheda Nidan (Differential Diagnosis)
1. Swelling & pain in Joint
2. Cough (kasa)
3. Fever (Jwar)
4. Haemoptysis (sarakta Stheevan)
5. Vomiting (Chardi)
6. Loose Motitions (Drava mala Pravritti)
7. Pain in chest (Urah shoola)
Some other important Diseases
- Shwasa
- Rajayakshma
- Pandu
- Kamala
- Amlapitta
- Raktapitta
- Prameha
- Udar
- Shoola
- Shotha
- Pakshavadha
Index of herbs
Bibliography

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 DESCRIPTION
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The Science of Ayurveda originated with the need to understand and cure diseases and to maintain health for human being. The correct diagnosis of a disease is essential for curing diseases. Although Ayurveda gained tremendous popularity right from inception, its usage dwindled with the advent of branches of new medicines and treatment. This is however changing now and what was looked purely as an alternative medicine, just a few years ago, is gaining mainstream following by students and doctors; and not only in India but from all over the world. Introducing this medical science and India being the country of its origin, it has attracted a lot of aspiring doctors, and international students community here.

All medical sciences focus on two aspects of disease, which are diagnosis and treatment. Ayurveda too focuses on these aspects and here these are called as "Rogavijnan-Vikriti Vijnan and Chikitsa". But till now they have not been looked at separately. Almost all the books written on Ayurveda have included 'Rogavijnan, Vikritvijnan and Chikitsa in the same book. This is however the first time that an effort has been made to separate these two aspects and looked at each distinctly. Some books in the past have tried to deal with these topics separately but have been limited in their acceptance and scope outside India due to the language barrier.

Looking to filling this gap between the international students and vernacular readers we decided to endeavour on a mission which would help us to shed light on each of these aspects separately, in international language like English and be more internationally acceptable. The text is not a mere literal translation of original Ayurvedic texts into English but an attempt is made to bring out the true essence of Ayurveda. This text book will be an introduction to Ayurveda and Rogavijnan and Vikriti vijnan for all the readers which will include students from abroad who might have science qualification and all who are keen to learn Ayurveda.

This book is therefore designed as a text book for the second year students of B.A.M.S. which comes under the authority of Central Council of Indian Medicine (C.C.I.M.) and recognised by Maharashtra University of Health Sciences (M.U.H.S.).

To do the justice to this mission we needed inputs not only from experts who understand these topics but also had specialised knowledge about 'Rogavijnan Vikritivijnan' and could look at it from the allpatic point of view while researching , analyzing and writing these facts. This is when Dr. Nandkumar Thite and I decided to come together and use his vast experience in allopathy and my own 30 years of experience as Professor, Researchers and Head of the Department of 'Rogavijnyan & Vikritivijnan' in the renounced 'Tilak Ayurveda Mahavidyalaya' at Pune.

While this idea was even at its budding stage Mr. Pravin Kumar Gupt from Chaukhamba Sanskrit Pratishthan, Delhi showed an interest and his support in the mission and prompted us to work on and write out this book to publish it.

In this book, we have included description of 'Prakrit' and 'Vikrit' dosha, dhatu, mala according to Ayurveda, as well as the patho-physiology of these three basic elements in the initial chapter.

The subject of "Movements of Dosha" which has got importance in manifestation as well as diagnosis and management of disease is described in detail. The basic pathogenesis of diseases according to Ayurveda is described under the chapter of "Disease contributory factors". In the chapter of 'Systemic Pathology we have tried to explain the concept of 'Srotas' in a simplified manner. 'Agni' and 'Aam' the two specialities of Ayurveda are also made clear in the chapter of "Disease contributory factors". The two unique features of Ayurveda called 'Ojas' the vital essence and 'Vyadhi-kshamatva' or body resistance, are also considered.

The five diagnostic criteria described by 'Ayurveda' as 'Nidanpanchak' are of prime importance in the clinical diagnosis of a disease. These are explained in detail so that students will acquire confidence in this basic subject.

The other criteria regarding diseases such as stages, classifications, complications, death indicating symptoms, prognosis etc. are also covered in a detailed and simple manner. The epidemic and hereditary diseases described in Ayurveda are also included.

Last but not least, the text has explained the various methods of examination of the patient and examination of diseases. How to prepare record of examination of patient is also supplemented in detail. This is also helpful to students for purpose of practical examination.

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