This book deals with the genesis of labour migration in Orissa and focuses the exploitative land revenue policy of British regulation in Landless poverty stricken agriculture labours who migrated to various cities and British colonies with special reference to Orissa. The book also studies the problems of labour migration in rural areas of Ganjam District in which the study adopted a multi stage stratified random sampling procedure to select the village. The book also highlights socio economic and demographic features of migrants as well as non migrant house holds in terms of their age, landholding, earning remittances, indebtedness etc. This book also attempts to examine the effectiveness of Employment Assurance Scheme in Orissa and explore measures to make state intervention in support of the downtrodden more effectively. In the last chapter of the book suggestions are forwarded as policy implication of the study.