Biotechnology offers efficient and cost-effective means to produce an array of novel, value-added products and tools. It has the potential to increase food production, reduce the dependency of agriculture on chemicals, lower the cost of raw materials, and reduce the negative environmental impacts associated with traditional production methods. With improved technology and knowledge about agricultural organisms, processes, and ecosystems, opportunities will emerge to produce new and improved agricultural products in an environmentally sound manner. Future gains in agricultural productivity and sustainability depend heavily on the use of biotechnology to improve the health and well-being of agriculturally important plants and animals. This book deals with the application of modern biotechnology in the agriculture sector. It will be highly useful for students and practitioners from various fields, including agriculture, genetic engineering and environmental science.