CONTENTS:- 1. Electronic Structure and Bonding; 1.1 Introduction; 1.2 The Structural Theory; 1.3 Atomic Structure of Carbon; 1.4 Atoms and Atomic Orbitals; 1.5 Covalent Bonds and Lewis Structures; 2. Molecules, Molecular Orbitals and Bonding; 2.1 Introduction; 2.2 Review of Valence Bond Theory; 2.3 Modern Concept of Bond Formation; 2.4 Bond Strength; 2.5 Linear and Square H4; 2.6 Something More: The Molecular Orbitals of Tetrahedral H4 Some Additional Problems; 3. Hybridization and Shapes of Organic Compounds; 3.1 Introduction; 3.2 Types of Hybridization in Carbon Compounds; 4. Classification of Organic Compounds and their Representation; 4.1 Introduction; 4.2 Functional Group; 4.3 Homologous Series; 4.4 Structural Representation of Organic Compounds; 5. Nomenclature of Organic Compounds; 5.1 Introduction; 5.2 Trivial or Common System; 5.3 Systematic Nomenclature; 5.4 Naming the Compound Having One Functional Group; 5.5 Naming Compounds Containing Two Functional Groups; 5.6 Compounds Containing Two Chains; 5.7 Homologous Series; 5.8 Naming of Alicylic Compounds; 5.9 Naming of Bicyclic Compounds; 5.10IUPAC Names of Compounds with Bond Line; 5.11Nomenclature of Aromatic Compounds; 6. Factors Affecting Acid Base Strengths; 6.1 Introduction; 6.2 Strength of an Acid or a Base; 6.3 Organic Acids and Bases; Pka and pH; 6.4 Factors that Effect the Acid Strength or the Base Strength of Organic Compounds; 6.5 Enolates; 6.6 Lewis Acids and Bases; 7. Isomerism in Organic Compounds; 7.1 Introduction; 7.2 Different Types of Isomerism; 7.3 Structural Isomerism; 7.4 Chirality; 7.5 Asymmetric Carbon Atom; 7.6 Elements of Symmetry; 7.7 Asymmetric Carbon Centers; 7.8 Compounds Containing One Chiral Centre; 7.9 R-S Nomenclature; 7.10Recemic Forms, Recemization and Resolution; 7.11Compounds Containing Two Chiral Centres, Diastereoisomers and Mesoforms; 7.12Conformational Isomers; 7.13Functional Isomerism; 7.14Metamers; 7.15Tautomerism; 8. Understanding Organic Reactions; 8.1 Introduction; 8.2 Electronic Displacements in Covalent Bonds; 8.3 Nature of Covalent Bond Fission; 8.4 Reaction Intermediates; 8.5 Types of Attacking Reagents; 8.6 Nucleophiles and Electrophiles; 8.7 Organic Reactions; 9. Purification and Characterisation of Organic Compounds; 9.1 Introduction; 9.2 Extraction of Organic Compounds; 9.3 Methods of Purification of Organic Compounds; 9.4 Detection of Elements (Qualitative Analysis); 9.5 Estimation of Elements (Quantitative Analysis); 9.6 Determination of Molecular Mass; 9.7 Empirical and Molecular Formula; 9.8 Methods of Structure Elucidation; 9.9 Spectroscopy and Structure; 9.10Ultra violet and visible spectroscopy; 9.11Basic Principles of U.V; 9.12Infra-red Spectroscopy; 9.13Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR).
Students always consider organic chemistry as the toughest branch of Chemistry. The book "Introduction to Organic Chemistry" essentially aims at reducing the phobia, which the study of this branch of chemistry creates in the minds of learners. Most of the organic compounds are covalent in nature and the book deals with the various aspects of bounding in organic compounds. This study will help the learner in understanding the properties of organic compounds. Nomenclatures of organic compounds given in accordance with the IUPAC recommendation of 1993 will help the student correctly name the compound. A chapter has also been included to explain various concepts of organic chemistry that are essential for understanding the mechanism of an organic reaction like nomenclature of organic compounds, the mechanism of reactions also forms an integral part of any syllabi in organic chemistry for degree classes. The book also explains the processes used for purification and characterization of organic compounds. The book is likely to form a good foundation in understanding organic chemistry for the beginners and will be helpful in understanding of organic chemistry in degree classes.