Poverty and Food Security in India: Problems and Policies
Bhatt, M.S. (Ed.)
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Book ID : 26448
ISBN-10 : 81-87879-37-8 / 8187879378
ISBN-13 : 978-81-87879-37-4 / 9788187879374
of Publication :
of Publication :
Edition : (First Edition)
Language : English
456p., Index, 23 cm.
CONTENTS:- I. Macro perspective: 1. Mainstreaming food and nutrition issues into poverty alleviation efforts/Pedro Medrano. 2. Globalisation and India's food security issues and challenges/Arun Kumar. 3. Poverty and sustainable development/Naushad Ali Azad. 4. Agricultural trade liberalization and food security--theoretical debates and empirical issues/S. Krishnakumar. 5. Employment and poverty in rural India : a study of the NSS regions in the 1990s/B. Goldar and S. Sakthivel. 6. Food security through improving rural female employment--need to develop gender specific strategies and institutions/Shahid Ashraf and Tauqeer Alam Farooqui. 7. Human rights, agricultural deregulation and food security/Shahid Ahmed and Ghulam Yazdani. 8. Nutritional food insecurity in India/Abusaleh Shariff. 9. Poverty alleviation programmes in India: some issues and concerns/Ananya Ghosh Dastidar. 10. Social orientation and women empowerment : an analysis and future strategy/Rashmi Agrawal and B.V.L.N. Rao. 11. Spatial and sectoral patterns of growth in India--a comparison between the 1980s and 1990s/Subir Gokarn and D. Joshi. 12. Trade liberalization and the poor: a framework for poverty reduction policies with special reference to some Asian countries, including India/Somesh K. Mathur. 13. Sabotaging Public Distribution System (PDS) the high level committee goes dangerously astray/Colin Gonsalves. 14. Poor under reform era : some reflections/S.A.R. Bilgrami. II. Regional perspective: 15. Rural poverty and agrarian power village-level evidence from Bihar/M.S. Bhatt and Brajesh Kumar. 16. State-led market-assisted land reforms history, theory and insight from the Philippines/Ugo Pica Ciamarra. 17. People's participation in poverty alleviation and rural development programmes : a case of Kerala's People's Plan Experience (PPP)/Asheref Illiyan and P.C. Jaffer. 18. Nutrient intake outcome measures and productivity--some evidence from primary school children/R.L. Bhat and Kuldeep Raj Sharma. 19. Poverty alleviation--results of an impact assessment study/K. Srinivasa Rao. 20. Poverty alleviation in Orissa/M. Altaf Khan.
Removal of poverty and achieving food self sufficiency has been among the basic objectives of development planning in India right from 1951-52. Strategies to achieve these objectives, however, have differed widely. Policy shifts have also taken place in response to the experiences accumulated over time. Changes in approach have been particularly sharp since the mid-sixties and seventies. In retrospect, both our achievements and failures on poverty and food security fronts are glaring. Plenty and poverty, starvation and surplus co-exist. Four decades ago, the country could not produce enough to feed its 440 million population. Today it is able to feed itself without having to wait for the next shipload of PL480 wheat and the same associated with it. Persistence of poverty, hunger and starvation along with growing availability of food has rendered the rationale of both poverty alleviation and food self-sufficiency policies suspect and created a paradoxical situation. There is a consensus among policymakers, planners and economists that the problems of poverty, hunger and malnutrition have not been solved satisfactorily. It is also acknowledged that the persistence of these problems has the potential of undermining the very process of democratic governance. Policies and programmes have systematically failed with a huge opportunity cost. There is need for new answers to these questions. Available solutions have outlived their utility. Time has come to recast and redefine the agenda for poverty and food insecurity eradication. This is easier said than done. There is a need for a dispassionate debate, discussion and meaningful action. This challenging task cannot be solved by state intervention alone. It is against this backdrop that the present volume seeks to provide answers to some of the key questions. The main objective of the book is to add fresh insights to the theory and policy of poverty and food insecurity alleviation. How far we succeeded shall be reflected through the pages of this book.