CONTENTS:- Biotechnology; Biotechnology and molecular biology; Immunology; Virology; Bacteriology; Mycology; Biotechnology and Bioethics.
The simplest definition of biotechnology is 'applied biology'. It is the application of biologi9cal knowledge and techniques to develop products. It may be further defined as the use of living organisms to make a product or run a process. By this definition, the classic techniques used for plant and animal breeding. Fermentation and enzyme purification would be considered biotechnology. Some people use the term only to refer to newer tools of genetic science. In this context, biotechnology may be defined as the use of biotechnical methods to modify the genetic materials of living cells so they will produce new substances or perform new function. Examples include recombinant DNA technology, in which a copy of a piece of DNA containing one or a few genes is transferred between organisms or 'recombined' within an organism.