This book at present to historians of Mathematics regarding the achievements of the early Hindu Mathematicians and our indebtedness to them. Our object in Writing the present book has been to make up for this deficiency by giving a comprehensive account of the growth and development of the Science of mathematics in India from the earliest known Times down to the seventeenth century of the Christian era.
It has been decided to publish the book in two Vols. The first Vol. deals with the History of the numeral notation and of arithmatic. The second Vol. is devoted to algebra, a science in which the Ancient Hindus made remarkable progress.
Vol. I contains two chapters. Chapter I gives account of various Devices employed by the Hindus for denoting numbers. Chapter II deals with arithmatic in general.
Vol. II of this work devoted to the history of Algebra in India. The use of symbols-letters of the alphabet to denote unknowns-and equations are the foundation of the algebra. The Hindus were the first to make systematic use of the letters of the alphabet to denote unknowns.