CONTENTS:- 1. Beginnings: the Chalcolithic period. 2. 'Ayas' in Vedic literature. 3. Pre-Mauryan (c. 500-300 B.C.) and Mauryan bronzes (c. 300 B.C.--200 B.C.). 4. Sunga (c. 150 B.C.-50 B.C.) and Pre-Kusana bronzes (50 B.C.-50 A.D.). 5. Kusana period (c. 50 A.D. to c. 300 A.D.) bronzes in Northern India (excluding Gandhara). 6. Satavahana-Iksvaku bronzes of Western India and the Deccan. 7. The importation of Mediterranean bronzes and the Kusana Gandhara style. 8. Literary evidence on the casting of metal images (from c. fourth century B.C. to 300 A.D.).