Wood Anatomy of Legumes of India: Their Identification, Properties and Uses
Chauhan, Luxmi & Rao, R. Vijendra
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Book ID : 20196
ISBN-10 : 81-212-0375-4 / 8121203754
ISBN-13 : 978-81-211-0375-6 / 9788121103756
of Publication :
of Publication :
Language : English
viii, 220p., 176 B/W Plts., Tables, 25 cm.
CONTENTS:- Foreword. Summary. 1. Introduction. 2. General anatomical survey. 3. Description of woods of Mimosoideae. 4. Description of woods of Caesalpinioideae. 5. Description of woods of Papilionoideae. 6. Comparative anatomy of Leguminosae with other related families. 7. Ecological and phylogenetic trends in wood anatomy of the family. References. Appendices: 1. List of genera and species studied of family Leguminosae alongwith sp. gr. and locality. 2. IAWA list of microscopic card key features for hardwood identification. 3. List of microscopic card key features for identification of species of the three subfamilies. Index to botanical, English, trade and common names.
The family Leguminosae constitutes the third largest family of flowering plants. Although, there are about 18,000 legume species, only 25% are extensively used. Wood obtained from the trees of this group plays a very important role in forestry and forest products utilization. India, bestowed with a large number of genera and species has a special status not only of its ecology, but also of its economy. Pterocarpus santalinus and P. dalbergioides which are endemic to Andhra Pradesh and Andaman Islands respectively, are famous throughout the world for their timbers. Similarly, the Dalbergia species, especially D. latifolia and D. sissoo are known for furnishing some of the finest furniture and cabinet timbers, famous in timber trade. The timbers obtained from other species are used right from construction to toys and turnery articles. In view of their economic importance, they play a very vital role in trade and commerce not only in India but also throughout the globe. The primary step in timber utilization is the documentation of the species from the point of view of its wood structure which is used for identification. Legumes offer challenge, as generic and species identification of their timbers looks simple in theory but difficult in practice due to lack of information at microscopic level. This book deals with detailed anatomical account of 87 timber species belonging to the three subfamilies viz., Mimosoideae, Caesalpinioideae and Papilionoideae. Inter and intra-generic relationship has been highlighted for identification purposes. Card key features are also provided for the preparation of anatomical database. Ecological preferences have been discussed using vulnerability and mesomorphy, which can be further used for introducing a species at trial basis. The publication will certainly serve as a reference to all those engaged in wood research and efficient utilization of timber species both at national and global level.