CONTENTS:- Soaps and Detergents; Soaps; Synthetic Detergents; Physical Properties of Soap; Viscosity; Specific heat; Latent heat; Density of soap; 66% Rule; Salt distribution between curd and lye; Glycerol distribution between curd and lye; Rate of drying of soap; Uses; Raw Materials; Classification of Fats/Oils; Fatty Oils are Further Classified as; Colour; Availability of oils for Soapmaking; Saponification Value; Iodine Value; Free fatty acids; Titre; Fatty acids containing-OH and -CO; groups, hydroxy and keto-stearic acids; Characteristics of individual Oils; Rice bran oil; Sal; Castor oil; Coconut oil; Linseed oil; Mowrah; Kusum oil; Neem oil; Acid oils; Karanja Oil; Palm Oil; Plam kernel oil; Tallow; Rosin; Other indigenous oils; Abbreviations of Fatty Acids; Fatty Acid Isomers; Pre-Treatment and Upgradation of oils and fats; Introduction; Techniques for Upgrading Oils; De-gumming; Earth bleaching; Air bleaching; Chemical bleaching; Hydrogen peroxide; Benzoyl peroxide; Chlorine; Sodium chlorite or chlorate; Hydrogenation; De-odorisation; Formulation of oil Blends for Soaps; Introduction; Choice of oils and fats; Iodine value, titre and fatty acid composition; Facilities for upgrading oils; Toilet Soaps; FA Composition of Toilet Soap; Typical Oils Blends for Toilet Soap (Compositions %); Non Fatty Raw Materials for Soap; The Alkalis; Soap Builders; Filler; Stabilizers, Antioxidants; Other Additives (Foam Producers); Foaming Agents Used in Soap; Solvents; Medicaments/Deodorants/Bacteriostatic agents; Clarifiers; Colouring Matters; Preparation of Colours; Water Soluble; Oil Soluble; Alcohol Soluble; Milled Soaps; For a batch of 100 kg. soap colour required is; Full-boiled/Semi-boiled/cold-made Soaps; The oil soluble colours recommended are; Soap Bases and Liquid Soaps; Popular shades and the colours used to obtain them are; Washing/Laundry Soaps; Medicated Soaps; Perfumes; (Comprehensive Details); Essential Oils; Isolates; Synthetic Chemicals; Fixatives (Listed in Table 4); Important Essentials, Isolates, Synthetic Odourous; Chemicals and Fixatives; Isolates; Synthetic Odourous Chemicals; Fixatives; Raw Materials : Herbal Products; Acacia arabica; A. indica Benth; Parts Used : Bark, gum, leaves, seeds, pods; Acalypha Indica; (N.O. - Euphorbiaceae); ANDROPOGON MURICATUS. Retz. or A. Squarrosus; Angelica (Angelica archangelica); Anise (Pimpinella anisum); Associated Oil; AZADIRACHTA INDICA; Basil (Ocimum basilicum); BALSAMODENDRON MUKUL, HOOK. or B. agollocha; Parts Used - Gum; BALSAMODENDRON MYRRHA; (N.O. Burseraceae); Parts Used : Gum from the bark of the tree; Bay (Laurus nobilis); Associated Oils; Benzoin (Styrax benzoin); Associated Oils; Bergamot (Citrus bergamia); Birch (Betula lenta); Associated Oils; Calendula (Calendula Officinalis); Associated Oil; Caraway (Carum carvi); Cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum); CITRUS MEDICA, Linm; (N.O.-Rutaceae); Carrot Seed (Daucus carota); Caulophyllum Inophyllum; Cedarwood (Cedrus species); Cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylanicum); Associated Oils; Clary Sage (Salvia sclarea); Associated Oils; Celery (Apium graveolens); Chamomile, German; (Matricaria recutita, formerly M. chamomilla); Associated Oils; Coriander (Coriandrum sativum); Curculigo orchioides Gaertn; (N.O.-Amaryllidaceae); Ayurvedic Properties; CURCUMA LONGA, Linn; (N.O.-Scitaminaceae); Associated Oil; Cypress (Cupressus sempervirens); Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus globulus); Associated Oils; Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare); Associated Oil; Fir (Abies alba and other species); Associated Oils; Associated Oils; FICUS RELIGIOSA LINN; (N.O. Moraceae); Parts Used : Bark, Fruit, Root; Ayurvedic Properties; Galbanum (Ferula galbaniflua); Associated Oils; Geranium (Pelargonium graveolens); Associated Oil; Ginger (Zingiber officinale); Associated Oil; Helichrysum (Helichrysum angustifolium); Hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis); Associated Oil; Inula, Sweet (Inula graveolens, or I. odorata); Associated Oil; HEMIDESMUS INDICUS, R. BR.,; Asclepias pseudosarsa, var. latifolia; (N.O. Asclepiadaceae); Jasmine; (Jasminum officinale and J. grandiflorum); Associated Oil; Juniper (Juniperus communis); Associated Oils; Labdanum (Cistus labdaniferus); Associated Oils; Lavender (Lavandula angustifolia, previously L; vera and L. Officinale); Associated Oils; Lemon (Citrus limon); Associated Oil; Associated Oils; Lemongrass Cochin (C. flexuosus); Grown in India primarily for isolation of citral; Lovage (Levisticum officinale); Marjoram; (Origanum marjorana or Marjorana hortensis); Associated Oils; Melissa (Melissa Officinalis); Associated Oil; Mimosa (Acacia decurrens var. dealbata); Associated Oil; Myrrh (Commiphora myrrha); Associated Oils; Myrtle (Myrtus communis); Oakmoss (Evernia prunastri); Associated Oil; Orange (Citrus sinensis); Associated Oils; Orange Blossom (Neroli); (Citrus aurantium var. amara); Associated Oils; Patchouli (Pogostemon cablin); Pepper, Black (Piper nigrum); Associated Oils; Cubeb (Piper cubeba)-A litsea substitute; Peppermint (Mentha piperita); Associated Oils; PSORALEA CORYLIFOLIA LINN; (N.O. Papilionaceae, Fabaceae); Parts Used : Roots, leaves, fruits, seeds; Ayurvedic Properties; Ravensare (Ravensara aromatica); Rose (Rosa damascena, R. gallica, and others); Associated Oils; Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis); Associated Oils; Rosewood (Aniba rosaeodora); Sage (Salvia officinalis); Sandalwood (Santalum album); Associated Oil; Spikenard (Nardostachys jatamansi); Associated Oils; SMILAX CHINA; (N.O. - Liiiaceae); TERMINALIA CHEBULA RETZ; (N.O. Combretaceae); Parts Used : Fruit; Ayurvedic Properties; TERMINALIA BELERICA ROXB; (N.O. Combretaceae); Parts Used : Fruit (unripe and ripe); Ayurvedic Properties; Healing Power and Curative Properties; Cough; Stomach Disorders; Sore Throat; Chronic Constipation; Intestinal Worms; Eye Disorders; Other Diseases; Tea Tree (Melaleuca alternifolia); Associated Oils; Thyme (Thymus vulgaris); Associated Oils; Thymus vulgaris has many chemotypes; Tuberose (Polianthes tuberosa); Vanilla (Vanilla planifolia); Vetiver (Vetiveria zizanoides); Violet (Viola odorata); Associated Oil; Yarrow (Achillea millefolium); Ylang-Ylang (Canaga odorata); Associated Oils; Preparation and Properties of Surface; Active Agents from Castor Oil; Manufacture of Turkey Red Oil; Preparation of Esters by Alcoholysis; Sulphation of Esters; Hexane Extraction of the Sulphated Product; Typical Experimental Details; Major raw materials; Method; Products; Cottonseed Oil for Soapstock; Genesis of Investigation; Novel Features and Method of Utilisation of the Process; Refining of three oils of different types; Refining of a highly colour-fixed sample of; solvent extracted cottonseed oil; Likely scope of its application; The stage to which the laboratory; investigations have been conducted; The scale and duration of pilot-plant working; Availability of Raw Materials; Estimates of the cost of utilisation of the method; Capital outlay required; Flow Sheet; Points requiring specific emphasis; Development and Application of; New Herbal Functional Surfactants; Introduction; New Trend of Surfactants; Narrow distribution ethoxylate ('Peaked' ethoxylates); and its derivatives; Biodegradable surfactants; Surfactants arising from natural materials; Reactive Surfactants; Effect of TREM LF-40 concentration (2.03 mM initiator); on the particle size of poly (vinyl acetate) latex particles; Herbal based Soaps & Shampoos; Formulations for Herbal Washing Soaps; Hard Fats are; Soft Fats are; Some Suggested Formulations for Washing Soaps; Good Quality; Cheaper Quality; A Typical Batch for Herbal Based Toilet Soap; Oriental type; Perfume mixture as formulated below; Perfumes as formulated below; Perfume Mixtur; Formulation of fancy Soap Type; Perfume Mixture; Himalayan Boquet Type; Perfume Mixture; Rose Soap Type; Perfume Mixture; Transparent Soap - No. 1; (glycerine soap of market); A suggested formulation; Transparent Soap-No.2; (by special milling method); Mottled Soap; Carboli Acid Soap; Suggested Formulation; Procedure; Medicated Soaps; Castile Soap; CASTILE SOAP BY BOILING PROCESS; Process Description; Some Suggested Formulations for Castile Soap; Translucent Coconut Oil Soap; Some Suggested Formulations for Disinfectant; Liquid Antiseptic Soap; Deodorant Soaps; Combination in Soap No. 1; Combination in Soap No. 2; VARIOUS INDUSTRIAL SOAPS; Textile Soaps; Some of the uses are; Textile Bleaching-Washing Soap Powder; Laundry Soap Formulations; More Formulations; Laundry Washing Aids; More Laundry Wash Mixtures; (Soap and Sodium Metasilicate Solution); A Fabric Cleaning Compound; Cotton Scouring Soap; Dry Cleaner's Soap; A sugested Formulation of Dry Cleaner's Soap; WATER SOFTNER; (Chemicals which may be used for prevention of soap curds); JELLY SOAP/ SOFT SOAP; AUTOMOBILE SOAP; WIRE DRAWING SOAP; SCOURING SOAP; PREPARATION OF WASHING SOAP POWDER; Simplified Method; SHAVING SOAPS; Procedure; A Typical Charge; Shaving Cream; A Typical Charge; Other Formulation; Brushless/Latherless Shaving Cream; LIQUID SHAVING CREAM; Basic Combination; Thicker Cream; Aerosol Package; Liquid Soaps/Shampoos; Process of Manufacture; EQUIPMENTS; LIQUID TOILET SOAP CONCENTRATES; Some suggested Formulations; For Office use; For Workshop use; Soap Bubble Liquid; LIQUID WASHING SOAP CONCENTRATE; SHAMPOOS; Classification; Physical States; Characteristics; Various Additives of Shampoos Imparting Special Properties; Solubilizer; Opacifiers; Thickeners for Body or Viscosity; Foam Stabilizers; Conditioning Agents; Agents for Resistance of Hard-Water; Germicidal Agents; Preservatives; SOAP SHAMPOOS; Older Methods; Modern Methods; Some Typical Formulations; SHAMPOOS BASED ON SYNTHETIC HERBAL SURFACTANTS; GENERAL FORMULATIONS; Liquid Cream Shampoos and Paste Cream; A General Formulation; Foamless oil Shampoos; A Formulation; Baby Shampoos; Medicated Dandruff Sampoos; Other miscellaneous shampoos; Aerosol Shampoos (Pressure Dispersed); HERBAL TOILET SOAPS; To Prevent Pimples; To Fight Dandruff; To Kill Germs; To Present Prickly Heat; HERBAL SHAMPOOS; Lime Shampoo; Lavender Shampoo; Methi-Shikakai Shampoo; Sandalwood Shampoo; Neem Shampoo; Hair Rinses; Apple Hair Rinse; Barley Hair Rinse; Chamomile Hair Rinse; Rosemary-Chamomile Hair Rinse; Rosemary Hair Rinse; Hair Setting Preparations for all Hair Types; Bay-Rum Hair Setting Preparation; Clove Hair Setting Preparation; Gum Tragacanth Hair Setting Preparation; Lime Hair Setting Preparation; HAIR CONDITIONERS FOR ALL HAIR TYPES; Avocado Hair Conditioner; Sunflower Hair Conditioner; Wheat Hair Conditioner; Shampooing; ANTI-DANDRUFF PREPARATIONS FOR ALL HAIR TYPES; Anti Dandruff Lemon Preparation; Anti-Dandruff Egg Preparation; Anti-Dandruff Vinegar Preparation; Anti-Dandruff Sesame Preparation; Anti-Dandruff Sesame Preparation; Anti-Dandruff Rosemary Preparation; Technology of Manufacturing; Herbal Synthetic Detergents; Performance Criteria; Washing habits; Quality of water; Soiling; White vs. coloured clothes; Manufacturing facilities; Safety and pleasant 'in-use' qualities; Colour, odour and flow characteristics; Shelf life; Pricing; Formulation Requirements; Alkalinity; Good building and active matter; Approach to Product Formulation; Non Soapy Detergent Powder Formulations; Production Procedure; FORMULATIONS OF SYNTHETIC DETERGENT POWDERS; A TYPICAL BATCH OF FINISHED PRODUCT; (A good quality household detergent granules); For 1000 kg. yield; Surfactants; Builders; Additives; A TYPICAL BATCH USING ACID SLURRY OF; UNSEPARATED SPENT ACID; For 1000 kg. of finished detergent; Surfactant; Builders; Additives; Detergent Powder Prepared Without; Using Spray Dryer (High Bulk Density); A TYPICAL FORMULATION OF HOUSEHOLD; DETERGENT POWDER; For 1000 kg. finished product; Procedure; Foam Regulation; Typical Suds Regulated Surfactant Compounds; General Formulations for Industrial Detergent Powder; Woollen Piece Goods Scouring Preparation; Formulation with anionic and soap as active surfactants; Light Duty; Machine Dish Washing Powder; Scouring Powders Including Kitchen Cleaners; Abrasives; Surfactants; Other Chemicals; Soap Powder; Manufacturing Process; Floor Washing Compound; Heavy-duty Household Washing Powder; White Household Heavy-duty washing Powder; Spray-dried Heavy-duty Household Hand-washing Powder; Household Spray-dried Powder; General-purpose Spray-dried Powder; General Purpose Powder; High-foam Food/Dairy Detergent Cleaner; Heavy-duty Detergent Powder; Light-duty Detergent Powder; General Formula for Detergent Powders; Spray-dried Enzyme Detergent; Medium-foam Detergent Powder; Glass Rinsing Sanitizer; Industrial Sanitary Cleaner; General Cleaning Compound; Dishwashing Compound; Heavy-duty Detergent; Household Laundry Bleach; Low Sudsing Detergent Powder; Hand Laundering Powder; Plastic-ware Destaining Compounds; Magic Dip Bleach; Purex Bleach; All-purpose Metal Cleaning Compound; Standards; Scheme for the Manufacture of Detergent; powder on small scale; Land and Building; Projecting Cost; Plant and Machinery; Labour & Staff; Monthly Requirements of Raw Materials,; Utilities and Factory Overheads; Working Capital (3 months basis); Total Capital Investment; Own Capital Requirements; Factory cost of Production (Monthly Basis); Profitability; Detergent Bars; Introduction; Requirements of a Detergent Bar; NSD Bar Vs. Soap; Components of Detergent Bars; Active detergent; Sodium tripolyphosphate; Talc; Starch; China clay; Calcite; Soda ash; Sodium sulphate; Sodium silicate; Coconut mono ethanolamide; Soapstock; Dicalcium phosphate; Rosin; Titanium dioxide; Colour; Fluorescer; Perfume; Water; Processing of NSD Bars; Handling of Raw Materials; Processing; Process Control; Some Typical Formulations of Detergent Bar; Formulations for detergent bar manufacture; Plant & Machinery for Small Scale Detergent; Cake Manufacture; Kneader; Milling Machine; Plodder; Bar Cutter or Billet Cutter; Embossing or Stamping Machine; Pulverizer; Formulations of Detergent Cakes; Soap-Surfactant Combination; Detergent Bar; Low-soap Syndet Bar; Soap-Synthetic All-purpose Bar; All Syndet Bar; Alkyl-Sulfate Syndet Bar; Proctor & Gamble's Soap Syndet Formulation; Proctor and Gabmle's Syndet Laundry Bar; SCHEME FOR THE MANUFACTURE OF; DETERGENT CAKES ON SMALL SCALE; Capacity : 1 tonne per day per shift basis; Land and Building; Projecting Cost; Plant and Machinery; Monthly requirements of Raw Materials, Utilities and Factory; Overheads; Labour and Staff; Working Capital requirements (3 months basis); Total Capital Investment; Own Capital Requirements; Cost of Production (Monthly Basis); Profitability; Herbal Liquid and Paste Detergents; Requisites of surfactants for formulating liquid detergents; Surfactants most commonly used; Consumption of Surfactants in Detergents (in kilotons)*; Builders; Viscosity Controlers; Other Ingredients; HOUSEHOLD LIQUID DETERGENTS FOR LAUNDERING; Heavy Duty; Manufacture of Paste Detergents; FORMULATIONS OF LIQUID AND PASTE DETERGENTS; Heavy Duty liquid Detergents; A few formulations are listed in Table 2; Light Duty Detergents; Liquid Shampoo; Liquid Shampoo Formulation; TYPICAL FORMULATIONS; Opaque viscous solution; Procedure; Light Duty : (for silk, wool etc.); TYPICAL FORMULATIONS; Procedure; Shampoos; Rug Cleaning Liquid Detergent Formulations; A Recommended Formulation; Heavy-duty Liquid Detergents; Heavy-duty Liquid Detergent with 'Controlled; Opaque Lotion-type Light-duty Liquid Detergent; Light-duty Household Liquid Detergent; 40% Detergent Paste; 20 % Detergent Paste; Metal Degreasing Liquid Detergent; General-purpose Solvent-based Detergent; Textile Scouring Paste; Textile Degumming Detergent Paste; Low Foaming Liquid Detergents; Other Formulations of Synthetic Liquid Detergents; Light-duty Liquid Detergent; Light-duty Liquid Detergent for Dishwashing; Household Liquid Detergent Cleaner; Light-duty Clear Detergent Liquids; Light-duty Liquid Detergent Lotion; Heavy-duty Liquid Detergent; Scheme for the Manufacture of Liquid; Detergents on Small Scale; Land and Building; Projecting Cost; Plant and Machinery; Labour and Staff; Monthly Requirements of Raw Materials,; Utilities & Factory Overheads; Working Capital Requirements (3 months basis); Total Capital Investment; Own Capital Requirements; Cost of Production (Monthly basis); Profitability; Determination of Physical, Surface Active and; Performance Characteristics of Surfactants; Physical Characteristics; Density of Powdered Detergents; Apparent Bulk Density; Apparent density, g/ml = 40/V; Cup Density; Particle Size of Powdered Detergents; Hand Sieving; Machine Sieving; pH and Alkalinity; Free Alkalinity; Cloud Point of Non-ionic Detergents; Viscosity; Surface-Active Properties; Ring Method; Experimental Procedure; Determination of Surface Tension; Determination of Interfacial Tension; Calculation of Surface Tension; Calculation of Interfacial Tension; Correction Factor 'F' for the Ring Method Factor 'F' for; PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS; Dishwashing Tests; Laundry Evaluation; Split Item Tests; Bundle Test; Foam Tests; Dynamic Foam Test; Pour Foam Test; Wetting Test; Canvas Disc Test; Skein Test; Analysis of Surfactants; Separation of Surfactants; IDENTIFICATION OF COMPONENTS; Anionics; Cationics; Non-ionics; DETERMINATION OF SURFACTANTS; Total Organic Active Ingredient; Procedure; Correction for Sodium Chloride Content; ANIONIC SURFACTANTS; Preliminary Estimate of Mol. Wt; Titration with Cationic Surfactants; Preparation and Standardization of Titrant; Titration of Sample; Amine Complexation Method; Determination of Alkylaryl Sulfonates; Determination of Alkylaryl Sulfonates in the; Presence of Short Alkyl Chain Sulfonates; Determination of Fatty Alcohol Sulfates; CATIONIC SURFACTANTS; Determination of Amine Oxides; Non-Ionic Surfactants; Column Techniques; Batch Technique; Analysis of Fats and Fatty Oils; Methods of Analysis; DETERMINATION OF PROPERTIES; Physical Characteristics; Procedure; Procedure; Chemical Characteristics; Procedures; COMPOSITION ANALYSIS; Gas Chromatography; Procedures; Spectroscopic Methods; Procedure; OTHER TESTS; Procedure; Analysis of Detergents; Methods of Analysis; Sampling; Separation; Procedure; IDENTIFICATION OF COMPONENTS; Procedures; Infrared Absorption Bands of Typical Commercial Detergents; Typical Analysis of a Linear Alkylate Sample; Procedure; DETERMINATION OF SURFACTANTS; Total Organic Active Ingredients; Procedure; Anionic Detergents; Procedure; Procedure; Cationic Detergents; Procedure; Nonionic Detergents; Procedure; DETERMINATION OF COMPONENTS; OTHER THAN SURFACTANTS; Abrasives; Procedure; Ammonia; Procedure; Carbonates; Procedure; Carboxymethylecellulose; Chlorides and Available Chlorine; Procedures; Enzymes; Procedure; Ethanol and Isopropyl Alcohol; Specific Gravity of Ethanol-Water Solutions at; Varying Concentrations; Specifie Gravity of Isopropyl Alcoho-Water; Solutions at Varying Concentrations; Procedure; Fatty Acids; Procedure; Glycerine; Hydrotropes; Procedure; Metallic Impurities; Procedure; Neutral Oil (Free Oil) and Free Fatty Alcohol; Procedure; Perborates; Procedure; Phosphates; Procedure; Silicates; Procedure; Solids; Procedure; Steam-Distillable Matter; Procedure; Sulfates; Procedure; Water; Procedure; Performance Tests; Procedure; Analysis of Soaps; Methods of Analysis; SAMPLING; Procedures; SEPARATION; Procedures; IDENTIFICATION; Procedures; DETERMINATION OF SOAP COMPOSITION; Procedures; DETERMINATION OF INORGANIC FILLERS AND; SOAP BUILDERS; Procedures; DETERMINATION OF OTHER ADDITIVES; Procedure; Munson and Walker Sugar Equivalents; Procedure; DETERMINATION OF IMPURITIES; Procedure; OTHER QUALITY CONTROL TESTS; ANALYSIS OF SOAPS CONTAINING SYNTHETIC DETERGENTS; ANALYSIS OF METALLIC SOAPS; Procedure; Beauty with Fruits and Vegetables; Apple; Apricot (Khubani); Banana; Barley; Carrot; Castor Oil; Clove; Cucumber; Dhania; Egg; Honey; Lavender; Lemon; Orange; Palak; Peach; Potato; Pudina; Rose; Sage; Salt; Saunf; Tea; Thyme; Tomato; Yoghurt; Sulfonated Oils; Historical Background; Chemistry of Sulfation and Sulfonation; Applications of Sulfonated Oils; MANUFACTURE OF SULFONATED OILS; Sulfation; Sulfonation; SULFATION OF INDIVIDUAL OILS; Characteristics and Analysis of Sulfonated/Sulfated Oils.
The book covers formulae, processes of different types of herbal soaps & detergents being used in daily life. This is the first book of its kind, which is very helpful for those who wants to venture in to herbal products, professional beauty products manufacturers, institutions, libraries etc.