The booklet contains four chapters, (i) Introduction (ii) Ranks of taxa, forms of scientific names, Citation of authors name and of literature, abbreviations, and the six principles of the code. (iii) Nomenclatural terminology. (iv) Nomenclatural exercises. For a beginner it is essential to know the terminology commonly used in nomenclature to understand the nomenclatural discussions. Therefore in the third chapter the essential terminology is given with explanation and examples. In the fourth chapter how the name changes takes place due to better knowledge of the taxonomic groups concerned and how the nomenclatural rules are applied in selecting the correct names are shown with Indian examples.