During the recent years there is a growing concern for the conservation and management of our rivers, reservoirs and many aquatic ecosystems including wetlands, beels and lakes. All these systems are mismanaged due to lack of scientific data and proper evaluation of ecosystem functions to evolve an approach towards a right management. There are serious water problems and most of the river waters are not used even for irrigation and swimming purposes due to the poor water quality. The aim of this book is to ecology of water bodies from different parts of India. For this purpose 15 papers including reviews contributed y experts from different educational institutions and research laboratories have been arranged from reservoirs, ponds and tanks to major rivers. The book will be highly useful to research workers in aquatic biology, planners, managers, conservationists, NGO's environmental scientists and all those who are interested in environmental conservation and management.