The real wealth of a nation is its people. The purpose of development is to creat an enabling environment for people to enjoy long, health and creative lives. Wise management of natural resources and protection of the global environment are essential to achieve sustainable development. World Health Organization (WHO) has estimated that as much as 23% of the global burden of disease is associated with the environmental crisis. Every year nearly 3 million people die from air pollution and more than 5 million die from diarrhea caused by water pollution. Environmental change is an inevitable consequence of economic development and people’s desire to improve their quality life. But, it is observed that the environmental crisis does not only degrade human health by exposing the people to harmful polluting agents but also pose a great threat to the nature. To solve this trenchant problem, most recent research articles of eminent environmental scientists of India have been compiled to develop certain management strategies. The present book will be helpful for students, research scholars, professors, scientists as well as for policy makers in achieving the goal of green revolution.